With the increased globalization, the world has become more interconnected. Due to the increased regional integration, several indigenous tribal groups around the world are on the verge of extinction. These tribes had to face the threat of extinction before, having endured the challenges of colonial intrusions, civil war, revolution and forced collectivisation. Today, their herding way of life is again seriouslythreatened. We are sharing top tribes who are in danger today.
There are around 150 million tribal people living across the globe – but for how long? We look at the indigenous groups that are on the verge of extinction
Tribal (Adivasi) people constitute 8.6% of the nation’s total population, over 104 million people according to the 2011 census.
The native tribal group has been living on Andaman Island for thousands of years in isolation. The tribe is known for its unique physical stature, culture and occupation. Members of the tribe wear typical tribal dresses made of leaves and branches. Their main occupation is hunting, vegetable cultivation and poultry farming. However, the tribe is on the verge of extinction due diseases, loss of territory, drinking habits and violence.
The woman who befriended the Sentinelese
By the end of the eighteenth century, when they first came into sustained contact with outsiders, there were an estimated 7,000 Andamanese divided into five major groups, with distinct cultures, separate domains, and mutually unintelligible languages. In the next century they were largely wiped out by diseases, violence, and loss of territory. Today, there remain only approximately 400–450 Andamanese. One group has long been extinct, and only two of the remaining groups still maintain a steadfast independence, refusing most attempts at contact by outsiders.
The five major groups of Andamanese found by the European colonists were:
- Great Andamanese – extinct 54 admixed Individuals
- Jarawa – now estimated 250 to 400 verified to exist in pure form
- Jangil or Rutland Jarawa – extinct
- Onge – now fewer than 100 verified to exist in pure form